Rebellions

The centers of the most important rebellions carried out by the Armenian Committees in the Anatolian provinces were Zeytun, Bitlis, Van, Şebinkarahisar, and Urfa; Yozgat, Amasya, Tokat, Sivas, Kayseri, Elazığ, and Diyarbakır were of secondary importance.

Armenian Committees appointed inspectors, commanders, and gang leaders to those regions.

The places chosen for the inciting of rebellions and the military sabotages were the principal routes and the military communication lines where the range stations of the Ottoman armies were located. (Ottoman).

During these rebellions, as it had been the case with Zeytun, Van, Şebinkarahisar, Mount Musa, and Urfa, some troops were required to be transferred to these regions from Ordu.

This fact weakened the battle capacity of army fighting at the fronts.

Accompanied by the beginning of the war, the military maneuvers of the Armenian Committees spread from one region to another rapidly.

It was ascertained that in 1915, almost 76.000 Armenians out of whom 30,000 were in Sivas, 10.000 in Erzurum, 15,000 in Van, 7,000 in Muş, 5,000 in Diyarbakır, 4,000 in Elazığ, and 5,000 in Bitlis, were in preparation of rebellion.

The dates and the places of these military maneuvers that took place between 1914-1916 are displayed on the map.

The Armenian Volunteer Units and the Armenian Fedayeens served as important support elements providing the most crucial intelligence about the Ottoman Army.

Russian Duma Deputy Papacanov expressed that the Russian military officials had informed him of the contributions of the Armenian Volunteer Units to the Russian Army and told him that these units equipped with full intelligence about the region had been irreplaceable.

After the occupation of Erzurum by the Russians in 1916, the following were related in an article published in Echo de Paris, in France:

In the violent clashes that took place in Erzurum, the strong fortress of the Turks, the Armenian Volunteer Units also fought on the side of the brave Russian Kazakh Units. The Armenian Volunteer Units that knew the region very well, provided an invaluable service for the Russian army.

Russian General Çernozubov wrote the following words for the First Armenian Volunteer Unit of Andranik:

… Our successes in Ashnak, Vrush Horan, Hanik, Kotur, Saray, Molla Hasan, Belicik and Garateli mostly materialized with the help of the activities of the First Armenian Volunteer Unit. They were great supporters in the fights that took place in Kotur Strait, near Hoy and in Dilman on April 28–31, 1915.

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